appendix
GAYA 1 – 5
5
BASICS
5_9   overview
Climate Change: Where We Are Now and Where We Are Going?
James White [Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research]
2012 01
Climate State . Learn More About Climate- office for outreach and Engagement
5_8
Stefan RahmstorfGerman oceanographer and climatologist.
Since 2000, Prof.at Potsdam University [Physics of the Oceans].
Ph.D. in oceanography from Victoria University of Wellington.
His work focuses on the role of ocean currents in climate change.
BLOG_www.realclimate.org
[has been described by Nature as one of the top-5 science blogs in 2006]
5_8_1    Eart 101_TALKS
CONTEXT_Earth101 is a part of series of lectures given at the University of Iceland
5_7   SEA LEVEL
Rising Seas: How Fast, How Far
. Stefan Rahmstorf . 2016 05 25 . Earth 101 . University of Iceland
5_6    EXTREME WEATHER
Extreme Weather: What Role Does Global Warming Play? . Stefan Rahmstorf . 2016 05 25 . Earth101 .  University of Iceland
5_6_1    Jet stream
The Jet Stream is Getting Weird
data source:
Jeff Masters, Scientific American, 2014
Scientific American  311 [68 - 75]
5_6_1_1   jet stream_MAP
5_5    OCEAN currents
Is the Gulf Stream System Slowing?. Stefan Rahmstorf . 2016 05 25 . Earth101 .  University of Iceland
5_4   global AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
The Climate Crisis. Stefan Rahmstorf . 2013 10 05 . Earth101 .  University of Iceland
citation_21m15s
global average tempertaure
it is composed of:
ocean surface tempertature [g.a.]
land surface temperature [g.a.]

"The area of the oceans remains cooler, than over land,
in a scenario [projection/simulation] where we have a global average temperature rise of eg. 4 degrees C, most land areas have warmed by more than 6 degrees C."
5_4_1   
arctic ice video. Peter Sinclair . 2013 10 05 . Earth101
5_3   temperature rise_TALK
Erhitzung der Erde. Stefan Rahmstorf. 2017 03 20 . gruene/germany
5_1  Robert G. Fovell_23 lectures
University of California, Los Angeles, Professor ofAtmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Meteorology: An Introduction to the Wonders of the Weather. 2010
TTC_The Teaching Company, Course 1796
5_2  Richard Wilson_12 lectures
Middlebury College, Ph.D., Dartmouth College
Earth's Changing Climate . 2007
TTC_The Teaching Company, Course 1219
5_0  Martin Persson_LECTURE
Assistant Professor at Physical Resource Theory at Department of Energy & Environment at Chalmers University of Technology
Earth´s Climate and Climate Change . 2014
CONTEXT_Earth´s Climate and Climate Change is a PhD course held at Gothenburg University
50
MAPS
500
SUMMARY
4
THEORY
4_5    SCALABILITY
Bondi, André B.
Characteristics of scalability and their impact on performance. Proceedings of the second international workshop on Software and performance – WOSP '00. p. 195. ISBN 158113195X. doi:10.1145/350391.350432 , 2000
SCALABILITY is the capability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged in order to accommodate that growth. [Bondi, André B. 2000].
4_4
Gaia hypothesis. James Lovelock and codeveloped by Lynn Margulis. hypothesis . 1974 .  Atmospheric homeostasis by and for the biosphere: the Gaia hypothesis

... proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic self-regulatingcomplex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.

The Gaia hypothesis posits that the Earth is a self-regulating complex system involving the biosphere, the atmosphere, the hydrospheres and the pedosphere, tightly coupled as an evolving system.
The hypothesis contends that this system as a whole, called Gaia, seeks a physical and chemical environment optimal for contemporary life.
4_3  SCIENTIFIC PROCESS + ethics ++
Nima Arkani-Hamed
(Persian: نیما ارکانی حامد‎‎) (born 1972)
is an American-Canadian theoretical physicist of Iranian descent, with interests in high-energy physics, string theory and cosmology.
Arkani-Hamed is now on the faculty at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, and director of The Center for Future High Energy Physics (CFHEP) in China, Beijing. He was formerly a professor at Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley.

Philosophy of Science ++
2016 07 25 . Cornell University

the strategies the science community uses to achieve to work together on one common goal [over such a long period of time].
The "rules" that define the society of science.
_there is a TRUTH out there, wit a capital T and we try to find it [06:00]
strategies to most successfully ectract the truth:

_be honest with yourself and with others [11:20]

_it doesn't matter who you are, only the content of your ideas are relevant [12:20]

_In Science we have heros not prophets [Steve Weinberg] [13:50]

_We are never in the posession of the whole truth, and never pretend to have complete certainty [14:30]

_we do the best we can and boldly extrapolate ideas we have most confidence in. [15:00]

_be tolerant to other peoples ideas, keep an open mind[15:40]

_it is necessary to be Intolerant + harshly judgemental of ideas that are not perfectly honest, intelectually lazy [especially your own] [16:40]
4_2    
Erich Fromm
a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher.
[books:The Art of Loving,...check it out!]
“A technological civilization is programmed by the principal that something ought to be done if it is technologically possible.
If it is possible to make nuclear weapons, they must be built even if they destroy us all.”

3
MEDIA
3_6    Wait but Why_BLOG
Tim Urban
How Tesla Will Change The World
2015 06 02
steam engine
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Energy Flow Chart
[PJ_ petajoules. 1 petajoule = 1 quadrillion joules ]
World_2011
3_5
The Dirty Secret of the World’s Plan to Avert Climate Disaster. Climate Science and Economic . 
2017 12 10, wired
capturing carbon dioxide before emmitting is included in a lot of studies
3_3    AGU_CONFERENCE
CONTEXT_ AGU, American Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting, New Orleans
 2 dergree goal passed
"The window of opportunity for actually limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees is actually falling shut on us as we speak." [Stefan Rahmstorf]
3_3_1  
Climate Solutions_Press conference
2017 12 13 . Stefan Rahmstorf, Sarah Myhre, Richard Alley,Michael Mann
3_3_2
Climate Solutions_GC23H
2017 12 16 . David Titley, Sarah E Myhre, Irena F Creed, Yangyang Xu
Policy, Planning, Science and Engineering in Uncertain Political and Economic Times
3_2  James Hansen_TALK
James Hansen is an American adjunct professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University.
From 1981 to 2013, he was the head of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
He is best k nown for his research in climatology, his 1988 Congressional testimony on climate change that helped raise broad awareness of global warming, and his advocacy of action to avoid dangerous climate change.

2017 03 08 . Jim Hansen explains the Climate Crisis
3_1  Gavin Schmidt_TALK
Nasa / GISS [Goddard Institute for Space Studies]
Director of GISS and Principal Investigator for the GISS ModelE Earth System Model
The emergent patterns of climate change. 2014
CONTEXT_TED [Technology, Entertainment, Design conference]
30
CRITIQUE
30_3  skeptic
nominee to head the EPA - Environmental Protection Agency: Scott Pruitt
Hearing _Senate committee on environment and public works U.S [Sen. Bernie Sander] .  2017 01
30_2  skeptic
Canadian Senate . Climate Science and Economics Hearing at the Senate committee on environment and public works 2011 10 15
30_1  IPPC critique
on IPPC . 2011 . Climategate 'hide the decline' explained by Berkeley professor Richard A. Muller
2
SURROUNDING the TOPIC
2_5   digital / analog thinking_TALK
Malcolm Gladwel
The Future of Humanity . 2018 02
World Government Summit

The world has changed, from one in which problems are puzzles to one in which they are, instead, mysteries.
little data -> a puzzle
to much data -> mystery
2_4  Naom Chmosky_TALK
Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist.
Climate Change Speech 2017
2_3   human condition
Russell Brand, podcast
Brad Evans_Russell Brand . 2017
on human dignity, violence,..
Paul Gilroy_Russell Brand . 2017 04
Who Are The Slaves Now?
Kehinde Andrews_Russell Brand . 2017
Trump is better than Obama . kolonialism,...
Will Storr_Russell Brand . 2017
Narcissism
Pankaj Mishra_Russell Brand . 2017
Age of anger
Russell Brand and Joe Rogan . 2016 07
Scientism VS Oneness
2_2   human condition
Hannah Gatsby . 2018 / 16 . NANETT . stand up comedy / political speech .
the ones who hold the power to tell history and do decisions for the future... what are their driving forces? + more
0
READ / WATCH list
0_4    insights
Margret Atwood [1939] is a Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, inventor, teacher and environmental activis.


Oryx and Crake . 2003
... ecology creates solutions
3.3.3
Ursula Kroeber Le Guin [1929 – 2018]
The Word for World Is Forest . 1976 . Ursula K. Le Guin

... humans arrive .... on Athshe, a tree-covered planet whose inhabitants have formed a culture centered on lucid dreaming. The forest and the inhabitants are one organism.

READ . The Word for World Is Forest
0_3
Princess Mononoke 1997 . Hayao Miyazaki . Studio Gibli . jap anim
0_2
Spirited Away . 2001. Hayao Miyazaki . Studio Gibli . jap anim . Chihiro Ogino . Bu $19 mio. Bo $264 mio
0_1
Life Aquatic. 2004 . Wes Anderson . Bill Murray, Owen Wilson, Cate Blanchett, Anjelica Huston, Willem Dafoe, Jeff Goldblum . bg: $50 million, bo: $34 million
[An homage to French diving pioneer Jacques-Yves Cousteau, and everything else what is important in life.]
1
CONNECTION
1_13    Biosphere
Humans just 0.01% of all life but have destroyed 83% of wild mammals – study
Damian Carrington
2018 05 01, The Guardian

The new work reveals that farmed poultry today makes up 70% of all birds on the planet, with just 30% being wild.

The picture is even more stark for mammals – 60% of all mammals on Earth are livestock, mostly cattle and pigs, 36% are human and just 4% are wild animals.
1_12    accountability-free politics
America's new aristocracy lives in an accountability-free zone
David Sirota
2018 10 05, The Guardian

Once again, the message was unavoidable: in the new accountability-free zone, companies shouldn’t be bothered to even explain – much less face punishment for – their role in a crisis that threatens the survival of the human species.
1_11   WYSI not WYG
Our cult of personality is leaving real life in the shade
George Monbiot
2018 10 03, The Guardian

The spotlight effect allows the favoured few to set the agenda.
Almost all the most critical issues remain in the darkness beyond the circle of light.

Every day, thousands of pages are published and thousands of hours broadcast by the media.
But scarcely any of this space and time is made available for the matters that really count:
environmental breakdown, inequality, exclusion, the subversion of democracy by money.
In a world of impersonation, we obsess about trivia.

The task of all citizens is to understand what we are seeing. The world as portrayed is not the world as it is.
The personification of complex issues confuses and misdirects us, ensuring that we struggle to comprehend and respond to our predicaments. 
1_10    Nihilism
Why Aren’t We Talking More About Trump’s Nihilism?
Matt Taibbi
2018 10 01, Rollingstone

The study predicts a rise in global temperatures of about 4°C, or seven degrees Fahrenheit, by the year 2100.

Worse, it asserts global warming is such an inevitable reality, there’s no point in reducing auto emissions, as we’re screwed anyway.
“The emissions reductions necessary to keep global emissions within this carbon budget could not be achieved solely with drastic reductions in emissions from the U.S. passenger car and light truck vehicle fleet,” is how the report put it.

To make a real difference, it adds we’d have to “move away from the use of fossil fuels,” which is “not currently technologically feasible or economically practicable.”
1_9    growth_Article
While economic growth continues we’ll never kick our fossil fuels habit
George Monbiot
2018 09 20, The Guardian

Given that economic growth, in nations that are already rich enough to meet the needs of all, requires an incrase in pointless consumption, it is hard to see how it can ever be decoupled from the assault on the living planet.

Clean growth
is as much of an oxymoron as clean coal.
But making this obvious statement in public life is treated as political suicide.

... our current economic model is threatening the foundations on which human wellbeing depends”.
It recognises that ecological collapse cannot be prevented through consumer choice or corporate social responsibility. {British Labour party}

The worst denial is not the claim that this existential crisis isn’t happening. It is the failure to talk about it at all. Not talking about our greatest predicament, even as it starts to bite, requires a constant and determined effort. 
1_8    growth_Article
why western philosophy can only teach us so much
Julian Baggini
2018 09 25, The Guardian

1_8    climate change_BOOK
Carbon Ideologies
part1: No Immediate Danger
part2: No Good Alternative
2018, William T. Vollmann
ARTICLE
The Most Honest Book About Climate Change Yet
Nathaniel Rich
2018 09 , The Atlantic

Carbon Ideologies is about another kind of violence, the violence inflicted by the production of coal, natural gas, oil, and nuclear energy.

The victims of these carbon ideologies are not only the species of fauna and flora that are going extinct, the fragile ecosystems that will collapse, and the future generations of humans who will have to subsist on insects.

The victims are us—we who are now living and who deny, to varying extents, the degree of damage we are inflicting upon ourselves.
1_7    system change_ARTICLE
A better form of consumerism will NOT save the planet
We won’t save the Earth with a better kind of disposable coffee cup
2018 09 06, The Guardian


The problems we face are structural:
a political system captured by commercial interests, and an economic system that seeks endless growth.
The ideology of consumption is so prevalent that it has become invisible.

One-planet living means not only seeking to reduce our own consumption, but also mobilising against the system that promotes the great tide of junk.
This means fighting corporate power, changing political outcomes and challenging the growth-based, world-consuming system we call capitalism.`

Incremental linear changes … are not enough to stabilise the Earth system.
Widespread, rapid and fundamental transformations will likely be required to reduce the risk of crossing the threshold.” [Hothouse Earth paper, ]
1_7    climate change history_ARTICLE
Losing Earth:
The Decade We Almost Stopped Climate Change
2018 09 01, The New York Times magazine

James Hansen’s
most recent paper, published last year, announced that
Earth is now as warm as it was before the last ice age, 115,000 years ago,
when the seas were more than 6 meters higher than they are today.
He and his team have concluded that the only way to avoid dangerous levels of warming is to bend the emissions arc below the x-axis.


article start:
The world has warmed more than 1 °C since the Industrial Revolution.
The Paris climate agreement — the nonbinding, unenforceable and already unheeded treaty signed on Earth Day in 2016 — hoped to restrict warming to 2 °C. The odds of succeeding, according to a recent study based on current emissions trends, are one in 20.

stay @ 2 °C:
extimction and abandonment
of inhabited Areas for all animals including humans [land and oceans__

If by some miracle we are able to limit warming to 2 °C, we will only have to negotiate the extinction of the world’s tropical reefs, sea-level rise of several meters and the abandonment of the Persian Gulf.


stay @ 4 °C: Europe in permanent drought;
vast areas of China, India and Bangladesh claimed by desert;
Polynesia swallowed by the sea;
the Colorado River thinned to a trickle;
the American Southwest largely uninhabitable.

The prospect of a 5 °C warming has prompted some of the world’s leading climate scientists to warn of the end of human civilization.
1_6    climate change_ARTICLE
Pope Francis
The list of oil companies that met with the Pope about climate change has some big names missing
2018 06 09, Quarz
1_4    desertification_VIDEO
Thomas L. Friedman
Trump, Niger and Connecting the Dots
2017 10 31, New York Times
investigates the increasing population of climate refugees
1_2    oil industry_5 degree_ARTICLE
BP and Shell planning for catastrophic 5°C global warming by 2050
2017 10 27, Independent
graph_forecast shell
ARTICLE_https://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2015/07/20/factcheck-are-shell-bp-serious-about-climate-action/
October 7th, 2018