The World Maps 1.1 – 1.3
seize cm
A 148x80
B 111x60
C 74x40
D 37x20
2008 11 27 . The Disorder of Things . Vienna . Semperdepot >
cc by-nc-sa
series of 3 world maps
1.1 America-centeredd 1.2 Asia/Australia-centeredd 1.3 Europe/Africa-centered
<  1.1 America-centered <  1.2 Asia/Australia-centered <  1.3 Europe/Africa-centered
scroll for  1.1 – 1.17
The World Maps1.1 – 1.3
The World Maps a1.1 – 1.11

geologic periods
01_eon_Proterozoic / 3 eras / 10 geologic periods_-3.500 / -2.500.000.000 -> -541.000.000
02_eon_Phanerozoic / 3 eras /12 geological periods_-541.000.000 -> 0

02.3.11 Quaternary [2.588.000 –> 0]   02.3.11 Neogene [23.000.000 –> 2.588.000]   02.3.10 Paleogene [66.000.000 –> 23.000.000]   02.2.9 Cretaceous [145.500.000 –> 66.000.000]   02.2.8 Jurassic [20.100.000 –> 145.500.000]   02.2.7 Triassic [252.000.000 –> 20.100.000]   02.1.6 Permian [300.000.000 –> 252.000.000]   02.1.5 Carboniferous [359.000.000 –> 300.000.000]   02.1.4 Devonian [419.000.000 –> 359.000.000]   02.1.3 Silurian [443.000.000 –> 419.000.000]   02.1.2 Ordovician [541.000.000 –> 443.000.000]   02.1.1 Cambrian [485.000.000 –> 541.000.000] years ago  
The World Mapsa2.1 – 2.6
How the US has hidden its empire
2019 02 15
Daniel Immerwahr

When have you ever seen a map of the US that had Puerto Rico on it? Or American Samoa, Guam, the US Virgin Islands, the Northern Marianas or any of the other smaller islands that the US has annexed over the years?
In this view, the place normally referred to as the US – the logo map – forms only a part of the country. A large and privileged part, to be sure, yet still only a part. Residents of the territories often call it the “mainland”.
1941, actual map
Submarine communications cable . Eastern Telegraph Company network in 1901
Until the 1970s the only way to determine physical location was by using landmarks, astronomical contellations, dead reckoning, or limited radio-positioning technology.
A great changege occured in 1978, when the first of the 24 satelitesthat make up the Global Positioning Systen (GPS) was launched .
In the west quantification of location began with the Greeks. Around 200 B.C. Eratosthenes invented a system of grid lines to demarcate location, akin to latitude and longitude.
But like so many good ideas from antiquity, the praxis faded away over time. A millenium and a half later, around 1400 A.D., a copy of Ptolemy's Geographia arrived in Florence from Constantinople just as the Renaissance and the shipping trade where igniting interest in science and in know-how from the ancients. Ptolemy's treatsie was a sensation, and his old lessons where applied to solve modern navigational challanges.
From then on maps appeared with longitude, latitude and scale. The system was later improved upon by the Flemis cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1570, enabeling sailors to plot a straight course in a spherical world.
[...] The standardisation of longitude and latitude took a long time. It was finally enshrined in 1884 at the International Meridian Conference in Washington D.C., where 25 nations chose Greenwich, Engladn, as the prime meridian and zero-point of longitude (with the French, who considered themselves the leaders in international standards, abstaining).
A 15th-century manuscript copy of the Ptolemy world map, reconstituted from Ptolemy's Geographia (circa 150), indicating the countries of "Serica" and "Sinae" (China) at the extreme east, beyond the island of "Taprobane" (Sri Lanka, oversized) and the "Aurea Chersonesus" (Malay Peninsula).
King Atlas, a mythical King of Mauretania, was according to legend a wise philosopher, mathematician and astronomer who supposedly made the first celestial globe. It was this Atlas to whom Gerardus Mercator was referring when he first used the name "atlas",[1][2] and he included a depiction of the King on the title-page.[2]
February 15th, 2019